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This report describes school health guidelines for promoting healthy eating and physical activity, including coordination of school policies and practices; supportive environments; school nutrition services; physical education and physical activity programs; health education; health, mental health, and social services; family and community involvement; school employee wellness; and professional development for school staff members. It is available free of charge to the public at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr6005.pdf
CDC. School health guidelines to promote healthy eating and physical activity. MMWR 2011;60(5).
Annually, over 2 million people in the U.S. suffer a heart attack or stroke, with over 800,000 fatalities. To address this issue, the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), other agencies and organizations have launched the “Million Hearts” initiative. Its 5-year goal is to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes through inexpensive evidence-based interventions.
Frieden TR, Berwick DM. The "Million Hearts" initiative—preventing heart attacks and strokes. N Engl J Med 2011 Sep 29;365(13):e27.
Studies consistently suggest that exposure to tobacco advertising is associated with the likelihood that adolescents will start to smoke. Based on the strength and specificity of this association, evidence of a dose-response relationship, the consistency of findings across numerous observational studies, temporality of exposure and smoking behaviours observed, as well as the theoretical plausibility regarding the impact of advertising, we conclude that tobacco advertising and promotion increases the likelihood that adolescents will start to smoke.
Lovato C, Watts A, Stead LF. Impact of tobacco advertising and promotion on increasing adolescent smoking behaviours. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2011 Oct 5;(10):CD003439.
Due to changing recommendations for fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake, public health and private organizations recognized the need to revise communications and programs that promote F/V consumption. The objective was to re-brand the 5 A Day Program's campaign message to be adaptable, sustainable, and compelling, while leveraging the program's existing message dissemination infrastructure.
Pivonka E, Seymour J, McKenna J, Baxter SD, Williams S. Development of the behaviorally focused fruits & Veggies--More Matters public health initiative. J Am Diet Assoc 2011 Oct;111(10):1570-7.
This systematic review found that behavior-based interventions resulted in an average increase in F/V intake of +1.13 and +0.39 servings per day in adults and children, respectively. It was concluded that achieving and sustaining F/V intake at recommended levels of intake across the population cannot be achieved through behavior-based interventions alone.
Thomson CA, Ravia J. A systematic review of behavioral interventions to promote intake of fruit and vegetables. J Am Diet Assoc 2011 Oct;111(10):1523-35.