Readers are welcome to contribute to Fast Facts. Please include the original abstract (with citation) that is the source of your contribution. Contributors’ names will be included along with the item.
The American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines every 5 years to serve as a foundation for its communication, policy, and community strategies. Free full text available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.3322/caac.20140/abstract Kushi LH, Doyle C, McCullough M, et al. American Cancer Society Guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity. CA Cancer J Clin 2012;62(1):30-67.
In a randomized controlled trial for participants with acute and subacute neck pain, spinal manipulation was more effective than medication in both the short and long term. However, health education sessions resulted in similar outcomes at most time points.
Bronfort G, Evans R, Anderson AV, Svendsen KH, Bracha Y, Grimm RH. Spinal manipulation, medication, or home exercise with advice for acute and subacute neck pain: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 2012;156(1 Pt 1):1-10.
A systematic review suggests that for people with schizophrenia, aerobic and strength exercises and yoga reduce psychiatric symptoms, anxiety, and improve health-related quality of life, and progressive muscle relaxation reduces anxiety and psychological distress.
Vancampfort D, Probst M, Helvik Skjaerven L, et al. Systematic review of the benefits of physical therapy within a multidisciplinary care approach for people with schizophrenia. Phys Ther 2012;92(1):11-23.
A structured cognitive behavioral program is more effective than educator-led group education or unlimited individual nurse and dietitian education sessions in improving glycemia in adults with long-duration diabetes.
Weinger K, Beverly EA, Lee Y, Sitnokov L, Ganda OP, Caballero AE. The effect of a structured behavioral intervention on poorly controlled diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med 2011;171(22):1990-1999.
Long-term supplementation of daily oral 400 µg FA plus 100 µg vitamin B-12 promotes improvement in cognitive functioning after 24 months.
Walker JG, Batterham PJ, Mackinnon AJ, et al. Oral folic acid and vitamin B-12 supplementation to prevent cognitive decline in community-dwelling older adults with depressive symptoms--the Beyond Ageing Project: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2012;95(1):194-203.
This review and commentary discusses the evidence for the use of spinal manipulative therapy, acupuncture, nutritional counseling and fall prevention strategies as delivered by doctors of chiropractic. Free full text available at: http://chiromt.com/content/20/1/3/abstract Dougherty PE, Hawk C, Weiner DK, Gleberzon B, Andrew K, Killinger L. The role of chiropractic care in older adults. Chiropr & Manual Ther 2012, 20(1):3.