Fast Facts

THIC Staff

 


Topics in Integrative Health Care 2014, Vol. 5(2)   ID: 5.2006



Published on
June 30, 2014
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Readers are welcome to contribute to Fast Facts. Please include the original abstract (with citation) that is the source of your contribution. Contributors’ names will be included along with the item.


A formula of ginkgo biloba plus choline formula demonstrated isolated and modest effects on cognitive and immune functioning among healthy older adults with no history of significant cognitive deficits.

Lewis JE, Melillo AB, Tiozzo E, Chen L, Leonard S, Howell M, Diaz J, Gonzalez K, Woolger JM, Konefal J, et al: A double-blind, randomized clinical trial of dietary supplementation on cognitive and immune functioning in healthy older adults. BMC Complement Altern Med 2014, 14:43.

Even modest increases in maternal BMI were associated with increased risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and neonatal, perinatal, and infant death.

Aune D, Saugstad OD, Henriksen T, Tonstad S: Maternal body mass index and the risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant death: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA 2014, 311:1536-1546

Obesity is associated with poorer overall and breast cancer survival in pre- and post-menopausal breast cancer, regardless of when BMI is ascertained. Being overweight is also related to a higher risk of mortality.

Chan DS, Vieira AR, Aune D, Bandera EV, Greenwood DC, McTiernan A, Navarro Rosenblatt D, Thune I, Vieira R, Norat T: Body mass index and survival in women with breast cancer—systematic literature review and meta-analysis of 82 follow-up studies. Ann Oncol 2014.

This meta-analysis suggests that there is a statistically significant inverse association between breastfeeding and maternal risk of type 2 diabetes.

Aune D, Norat T, Romundstad P, Vatten LJ: Breastfeeding and the maternal risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD 2014, 24:107-115.

For women with less than a 10-year life expectancy, recommendations to stop screening mammography should emphasize increased potential harms from screening and highlight health promotion measures.

Walter LC, Schonberg MA: Screening mammography in older women: a review. JAMA 2014, 311:1336-1347.

Participating in vigorous-intensity physical activity, assessed prior to ovarian cancer diagnosis, appears to be associated with a lower risk of ovarian cancer mortality.

Zhou Y, Chlebowski R, LaMonte MJ, Bea JW, Qi L, Wallace R, Lavasani S, Walsh BW, Anderson G, Vitolins M, et al: Body mass index, physical activity, and mortality in women diagnosed with ovarian cancer: results from the Women's Health Initiative. Gynecol Oncol 2014, 133:4-10.

For low-risk women, care in a private hospital, which includes higher rates of intervention, appears to be associated with higher rates of morbidity seen in the neonate and no evidence of a reduction in perinatal mortality.

Dahlen HG, Tracy S, Tracy M, Bisits A, Brown C, Thornton C: Rates of obstetric intervention and associated perinatal mortality and morbidity among low-risk women giving birth in private and public hospitals in NSW (2000-2008): a linked data population-based cohort study. BMJ open 2014, 4:e004551.



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