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THIC Staff

 


Topics in Integrative Health Care 2015, Vol. 6(2)   ID: 6.2005



Published on
September 29, 2015
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Readers are welcome to contribute to Fast Facts. Please include the original abstract (with citation) that is the source of your contribution. Contributors’ names will be included along with the item.


This article offers information relevant to social workers in practice about the complex and multifactoral condition of chronic nonspecific back pain and the integration of complementary and alternative medicine, in particular, massage therapy, as an effective evidence-based integrated approach.

McEwen S. Social work in health care when conventional meets complementary: nonspecific back pain and massage therapy. Health Soc Work. 2015 Feb;40(1):19-25.

Despite the majority of respondents, and notably users, being uncertain about their safety and effectiveness, complementary andalternative medicine modalities and complementary and alternative medicine products are widely used during the third trimester of pregnancy in this study population. Although prior use was the most significant independent associated factor, the role of family and friends, rather than healthprofessionals, in the decision to se complementary and alternative medicine may be of concern.

Pallivalapila AR, Stewart D, Shetty A, Pande B, Singh R, McLay JS. Use of complementary and alternative medicines during the third trimester. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jan;125(1):204-11.

Many adults in the United States use CAM without informing their octors. Care providers should inquire about CAM usage from their patients, document them and counsel their patients regarding their use of these less regulated therapies.

Laiyemo MA1, Nunlee-Bland G, Lombardo FA, Adams RG, Laiyemo AO. Characteristics and health perceptions of complementary and alternative medicine users in the United States. Am J Med Sci. 2015 Feb;349(2):140-4.

Electroacupuncture (EA) is reported to be an effective treatment for obesity, but its mechanism is unclear. This study suggests that hypothalamic LKB1-AMPK-ACC signaling plays an important role in EA treatment for obesity.

Xu J, Chen L, Tang L, Chang L, Liu S, Tan J, Chen Y, Ren Y, Liang F, Cui J. Electroacupuncture inhibits weight gain in diet-induced obese rats by activating hypothalamic LKB1-AMPK signaling. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2015 May 12;15(1):147. [Epub ahead of print]

This pilot study demonstrated that flaxseed is tolerated by cystic fibrosis patients. Flaxseed metabolites could be detected in the plasma. Future studies will assess appropriate dosing and target populations for FS, while exploring clinical outcomes.

Turowski JB, Pietrofesa RA, Lawson JA, Christofidou-Solomidou M, Hadjiliadis D. Flaxseed modulates inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in cystic fibrosis: a pilot study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2015 May 13;15(1):148.

Acupuncture, chiropractic, osteopathy and massage therapy are the commonly used CAM treatments besides a range of self-prescribed CAM and back pain sufferers use CAM alongside conventional medical treatments. The review findings provide insights for health care providers and policy makers on the range of CAM treatments used by back pain sufferers. Conventional medical practitioners and CAM practitioners should be aware of back pain sufferers' decision-making regarding a range of CAM treatments and be prepared to communicate with patients on safe and effective CAM treatments for back pain.

Murthy V1, Sibbritt D1, Adams J2. An integrative review of complementary and alternative medicine use for back pain: A focus on prevalence, reasons for use, influential factors, self-perceived effectiveness and communication. Spine J. 2015 May 8. pii: S1529-9430(15)00465-9. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2015.04.049. [Epub ahead of print]




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